jelo - yellow
kule - color; to paint, to color
laso - blue
loje - red
pimeja - black, dark|
sitelen - picture, image; to draw, to write
walo - white
All right, before we get started with this lesson, make sure you take a good luck at the list of vocabulary for this lesson. Notice how there are no words like purple, green, or grey. That's because these words don't exist in Toki Pona. With that in mind, look at this picture:
What color do you see? Purple, right? Wrong! If you zoomed in on this picture, you'd see that it's actually a grid of many blue and red blocks. Here is a close-up of part of that same picture that you see above:
So you see that blue and red combine to make the color purple. Well, Toki Pona follows this same idea. Check this out:
len -- clothing
len laso -- blue clothing
len laso loje -- reddish blue clothing; thus, purple clothing!
Personally, I don't like this type of formation, but I do have to admit that it's quite neat.
Using the above method, you can mix different colors to come up with all sorts of different things. Here is a list of some of the common ones:
laso loje -- purple ("reddish blue")
laso jelo -- green ("yellowish blue")
loje jelo -- orange ("yellowish red")
loje walo -- pink ("whitish red")
walo pimeja -- grey ("dark white")
You can stack as many colors together as you want, but don't get carried away. After all, Toki Pons is about simplicity, so keep it basic.
Keep in mind that colors by themselves can't really follow any sort of logical pattern, so you're free to mix them around as you like:
laso loje -- reddish blue = purple
loje laso -- bluish red = purple
laso jelo -- yellowish blue = green
jelo laso -- bluish yellow = green
Using colors with pi
If you understood the color combination method that I taught above, you pretty much know everything you need about Toki Pona's colors for practical use. However, if you feel so inclined, we can talk about more technical stuff. If you'd rather skip over this part of the lesson, that'll be all right with me. What you'll learn here is seldom used. If you'd like to learn about it, though, keep reading.
Okay, suppose that you have a shirt that looks like this:
This is fairly easy to understand. kule has two main uses, and so I'll cover them one at a time.
Using kule to ask what color something is
This doesn't need much explanation, if you understand seme.
ni li kule seme? -- What color is that? ("That is color which?")
kule as a verb
kule as a verb just means "to color" or "to paint". Here's an example:
mi kule e lipu -- I'm coloring the paper.
The word for today's miscellaneous section is sitelen. As a noun it means picture or image. As a verb, it means to draw or to write.
sitelen is most useful for the compound nouns that you can make with it. sitelen tawa ("motion picture") is used to mean either a movie or a TV show. Here are a few examples:
sitelen tawa The Simpsons li pona tawa mi. -- I like the TV show The Simpsons.
sitelen tawa The Godfather li pona kin. -- The movie The Godfather is good also.
sitelen can also be used with ma to mean "map":
o pana e sitelen ma tawa mi.
sitelen ma, of course, means "picture (of) land".
Try translating these sentences from English to Toki Pona.
I don't see the blue bag.
A little green person came from the sky.
I like the color purple.
The sky is blue.
Look at that red bug.
I want the map.
Do you watch The X-Files?
Which color do you like?
Think: "Which color is good for you?"
And now try changing these sentences from Toki Pona into English:
suno li jelo.
telo suli li laso.
mi wile moku e kili loje.
ona li kule e tomo tawa.
And now try reading this Toki Pona poem. It uses poetic expressions, but if you've been studying, you'll be able to enjoy and to appreciate the poem because we've already covered the concepts and vocabulary that this poem uses. And now here's the poem: